Technology » Mud Wall (Housing)

Mud Wall

The Wall: Ordinary mud (80% murum & 20% BC soil or clayey soil) is used to make 230 mm thick walls using tile faced mud blocks of 100 mm thick and filling the masonry joints with cement pointing. The mud block wall is rain proof and rodent proof.  This is to be noted that there is no need to press or ram or concrete or add any other binding material in these bocks.

The mud blocks are made using 230 mm X 230 mm wood or steel mould in which facing tile is kept on one side and then it is filled with mud mix by hands. If required inner surface of the wall can also be tiled. For internal walls mud blocks of 300 X 230 thick are made without facing tiles for which appropriate moulds are used. 

All these materials are locally available and the villagers can make the blocks themselves. For a villager house of 250-sqft only three days labour is required for block making. Each block costs very less money.

The face tile is made of burnt clay measuring 230 X 100 X 12mm with 25mm key. One man can make 250 tiles per day, which can be baked locally by a village potter. 

Flooring is IPS (Indian Patent Stone) finished in grey cement colour. Alternatively, flooring can also be, mud or terracotta tile or stone tile, finished. 

Door Window frames are fabricated in mild steel, with horizontal guard bars and fixed in position by hold-fasts to the brick columns. All door shutters and window shutter are in M.S. sheets, or all doors are in ply block board.

Policy Intervention:


  •  CSV is a building Centre of HUDCO, New Delhi and its housing design (i.e. “Wardha House Model”) is approved by it. by HUDCO, New Delhi. 
  •  ‘Wardha House’ is selected by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India for its large scale extension through Indira Aawas Yojana (IAY).


Developed By: Centre of Science for Villages

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