Black pepper and ginger are two very important and widely used and traded spice crops in
Kerala. CAbC, MSSRF has been taking efforts to collect, document and conserve the most
valuable landraces and wild relatives of these two spice crops in the past few years. And the
centre had identified two potential areas where technological intervention is needed for linking
science and technology to the livelihood improvement of rural farming community.
Soilless ginger seed production program
As the crop is prone to few soil-born bacterial and viral diseases that are fatal, production and
distribution of disease free seed materials of ginger was identified as one of the most urgent step
to be taken to promote ginger cultivation in the district. A technology of producing ginger using
coir dust mixed with required nutrient mixtures was found suitable for producing disease free
seed materials. This is now being adapted and up-scaled for producing seed materials in large
quantity. In addition, efforts are also being taken up for facilitating training in good agricultural
practices, giving thrust to organic cultivation of ginger.
Production unit for value added products of ginger
Ginger is being traded largely in the raw form except the dried ginger used as medicine, which
includes very simple processing technique. Hence the potential demand for ginger based
products in the local as well as regional market of Malabar (North Kerala) has been planned to
tap by establishing a ginger based production unit through dissemination of proven technologies
of value addition of ginger in Wayanad district.
The production unit is being set up at Pulpally, Wayanad, by forming a women group (Ardrakam
women organic ginger initiative) with 10 members for running the unit and one farmer group
with 50 women members for production of organic raw materials. The products identified are
dry ginger powder, tea cuts, pickles, candy, ginger paste etc.
Bush pepper production program
Bush pepper is a minuscule pepper plant, raised from its fruiting branches, grown in pot/field and
maintained as bush for ornamental and economic purpose. This technology has been identified as
one of the most promising ventures for pepper farmers/nursery holders. This is being achieved
through establishment of two community nurseries in Wayanad district.