Technology » Agriculture And Animal Husbandry

Livestock related Technologies Livestock related Technologies - BAIF Development Research Foundation

Several interventions have been planned and introduced in order to optimize the income from livestock resources (Mainly local breeds of cow and buffalo and improved breeds of goat) for arid communities  

 

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Water related technologies Water related technologies - BAIF Development Research Foundation

Interventions have been made aiming at scouting  and introducing  suitable technologies for tapping of rain water, to facilitate innovative storage, ensure water use efficiency and create revive traditional practices and there by create long term res

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Agri /horti/forestry and fodder related technologies:  Agri /horti/forestry and fodder related technologies: - BAIF Development Research Foundation

Interventions have been made aiming at development of suitable Farming System Based Model in arid parts by taking into consideration the arid specificity

 Specific Technologies:

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Development of Cosmetic Products Development of Cosmetic Products - Society for Technology and Development (STD)

Trial are being carried out on preparation & standardization of Creams & scrubs from locally available natural raw material such as wild apricot oil, Beeswax & Aloe vera gel. 2 creams , Natural Hand moisturizer & Crack cream have been formulated,standardized & analysed for sc

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Single barrel kiln for char powder Single barrel kiln for char powder - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

This kiln consists of a single barrel, in which the biomass to be charred is ignited from the top. As the biomass burns, it gets pyrolysed. Arrangements have been made in this kiln to burn the Pyrolysis gas in the kiln itself. The biomass gets pyrolysed from top to bottom, as the Pyrolysis fro

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Solar Dryer Solar Dryer - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

This is a simple four sided pyramid, in which four poles are joined together to form a square base. Four poles, each resting on one of the corners of the square, are joined together to form the pyramid. All the poles are provided with hooks or loops at their ends, so that the pyramid can be eas

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Low cost green house Low cost green house - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

The primary function of a greenhouse is to provide plants with additional carbon dioxide. Neither heating nor cooling is required under climatic conditions in Maharashtra. Green plants respire during the night, producing carbondioxide. Carbon dioxide is also generated by soil microorganisms throu

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Nursery business based on seasonal crop species Nursery business based on seasonal crop species - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

Seedlings of seasonal crop species would always be in demand and the market is right at the doorstep of a rural nursery. Seedlings growing in a nursery require very little space and water. This technology allows the farmer to adhere to the desired date of planting, even if the field conditions ar

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Leaf as a propagule Leaf as a propagule - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

A leaf of a dicot plant, detached from the plant along with its axillary bud, is treated with a rooting hormone and kept in a high humidity chamber, the petiole produces roots, while the bud grows into a shoot, producing an entire plant from a single leaf.



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New Nursery Techniques New Nursery Techniques - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

Almost 80% of dicotyledonous species can be propagated by the simple method of rooted cuttings, if the cutting are treated with a rooting hormone and kept under conditions of high atmospheric,,humidity. A low cost high humidity chamber, costing just Rs. 200 per m2, and the protocols for hormonal

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Side drilled needles for bio-pesticide application on banana Side drilled needles for bio-pesticide application on banana - Mitraniketan

Problem: The Central Tuber Crops Research Institute has developed a bio-pesticide extracted from cassava leaves which proved to be effective against pseudo-stem weevil.

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Apiary with promotion of Honey-bee flora Apiary with promotion of Honey-bee flora - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

Apiary and cultivation of honey bee flora are complementary to each other as the honey bee from apiary helps in pollination and consequent increase in productivity and honey bee flora acts as a source of nectar for the honey-bee. Apiary also helps in income ge

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Induced breeding for production of fish spawn Induced breeding for production of fish spawn - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

Providing quality fish spawn is a major problem in this region and even more in places like Sagar Island of West Bengal. A technology for production of fish spawn was adapted from CIFA, Bhubaneswar  from where a  Portable hatchery has been procured a

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Integrated Crop management Integrated Crop management - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

Comprises of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) and Integrated pest management (IPM), Soil analysis and use of organic, bio and chemical fertilizer on the basis of recommendation of soil analysis,  pest and disease management through cultural, mechanica

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Utilization of Kigella sp. fruits for the generation of gas in biogas plants Utilization of Kigella sp. fruits for the generation of gas in biogas plants - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

Kigella africana, locally called as Sausage tree, has large sized fruits, 30–100 cm long and up to 18 cm broad; it weighs between 5–10 kg. This fruits of this plan

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System of Rice Intensification (SRI) System of Rice Intensification (SRI) - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

This is a technique different from the conventional practices of rice cultivation where rate of production increases but cost of cultivation decreases. Using this technique a farmer can Transplant a 10-12 days old single rice seed ling on field having thin fil

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In vitro production of hairy root of pea nut in bio reactor as a source of resveratrol. In vitro production of hairy root of pea nut in bio reactor as a source of resveratrol. - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

Previously transformed hairy roots of pea nut are grown on artificial medium. Quality resveratrol can be extracted from the hairy roots.  Using this technique Resveratrol can be collected in high quantity without any impurity.

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Use of low cost flat bottles for the production of bio- pesticide, Trichoderma Use of low cost flat bottles for the production of bio- pesticide, Trichoderma - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology

As per standard method, it is produced in conical flask or round bottom flask which is of high cost. Instead of that flat glass bottles, in vogue for commercial purpose, are used for the preparation of Trichoderma viride.

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Design and development of dehusking machine for minor millets (Kondo and Kutki) Design and development of dehusking machine for minor millets (Kondo and Kutki) - Madhya Pradesh Vigyan Sabha

With the association of Central Institute of Agriculture Engineering (CIAE) we have been developed dehusking cum threshing machine for overcoming the problem of tedious and energy consuming manual dehusking of Kondo and kutki. It reduces drudgery of tribal women engaged in dehu

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Establishment Of Herbal Garden Establishment Of Herbal Garden - Gandhigram Trust

The land within the campus was selected for establishing herbal garden. Pipelines for irrigation have been arranged and Soil samples have taken from the field and tested for its nutrient status. Organic manures such as FYM, vermicompost and bio pest repelle

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Extraction Of Indigo Dyes Extraction Of Indigo Dyes - Gandhigram Trust

Indigo plant was cultivated in half an acre and 600S Kgs. in the first ratoon and 400Kg. in second ratoon was harvested. It was soaked in water over night. The next day decomposed plant was removed. Oxidation was carried out by using mechanical agitator for on

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Low cost paddy winnower Low cost paddy winnower - Mitraniketan

Paddy winnowing is a time consuming process and it requires more women workers. Currently there is lack of workers for the traditional activities connected with paddy cultivation. Different types of winnowers are available for large scale farmers. We have developed a paddy winnower with low cost

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Setting up of Community Vermicompost Unit Setting up of Community Vermicompost Unit - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
  • Problem /need addressed by technology developed:
    As far as organic farming, application of quality inputs at appropriate time would contribute to increase in yield of crops. Vermicompost is one such input adopted by organic farmers. Commercially, this is not avai

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Organic Seed Production Organic Seed Production - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
  • Problem /need addressed by technology developed:
    Seeds play a very crucial role in agriculture. In fact the success of any agricultural activity is largely dependent on the quality of seeds used. Often times in recent years there have been complaints of poor qual

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Documentation of Traditional Paddy Varieties Documentation of Traditional Paddy Varieties - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
  • Problem /need addressed by technology developed:

    Most of the traditional paddy varieties were conserved by farmers for the following purpose (i) Traditional paddy varieties show resistance against pests and diseases (ii) Traditional paddy

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FISH NURSERY & AQUACULTURE FISH NURSERY & AQUACULTURE - Society for Rural Industrialization (SRI)
In spite, of having large no of water bodies; perennial as well as seasonal, fish cultivation was not adopted very extensively in this area due to lack of knowledge and non availability of quality seeds. A few farmers who took up fish cultivation were forced to purchase fish seed from nearby state

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Community neem seed processing unit Community neem seed processing unit - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
In organic farming, application of quality inputs at appropriate time would contribute to increase in yield of crops. Neem cake or Neem seed powder is one such input adopted by organic farmers. Commercially, this is available in market under different brand names. But there is a lot of adulteration

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Development of storage forms of biopesticides Development of storage forms of biopesticides - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
There is a growing awareness among farmers and consumers about the ill effects of harmful chemical inputs used in the modern agriculture on living beings and environment. Now they are in search of safer and eco – friendly alternatives for chemicals inputs. Availability of organic plant protection in

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System of rice intensification (SRI) method of paddy cultivation System of rice intensification (SRI) method of paddy cultivation - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
This technique requires minimum quantity of seeds and decreased quantity of water for cultivation. This in turn cuts down the input cost and water requirement. This technology plays a key role in the production of seeds. This includes cultivation of paddy crop without chemicals and it covers the pr

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Organic package of practices for Black gram, Green gram, Banana and Chilli Organic package of practices for Black gram, Green gram, Banana and Chilli - Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems (CIKS)
Problem / Need addressed by the technology The technology is low cost and based on the locally available raw materials. This technology aids in the decrease of input costs, helps farmers to manage pests and diseases without pesticides and fetches a better market price for the produce that is organ

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Shiitake Cultivation Shiitake Cultivation - Himalayan Research Group (HRG)
Technology package for medicinal mushroom ‘Shiitake’ (Lentinula edodes) cultivation on saw dust of popular and eucalyptus enriched with natural ingredients was standardized and continued for verification of the results obtained on production and economics in the earlier studies. Results revealed tha

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Vermicomposting Vermicomposting - Himalayan Research Group (HRG)
Conversion of biomass and animal excreta with earthworm (Eisenia foetida) into black granular crumbly powder is vermicompost. Animal excreta and biomass in mixed and digested with earthworms in a bed. 1 Kg earthworm/10 Kg biomass and animal excreta ratio was standardize to initiate vermicomposting

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Agro-technology of Selected Himalayan Medicinal Plants Agro-technology of Selected Himalayan Medicinal Plants - Himalayan Research Group (HRG)
Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten sometimes also mentioned as Swertia chirata Buch.-Ham. was widely used as an ingredient in Ayurvedic medicines since times immemorial and in Himachal Pradesh this species is listed as Critically Endangered. Commercial cultivation technology standardizati

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Button Mushroom Cultivation Button Mushroom Cultivation - Himalayan Research Group (HRG)
The climate of all districts in Himachal Pradesh is suitable to take minimum 2 crops of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) under natural conditions for additional income generation for rural folks especially women. Quality mushroom compost and casing soil is prepared in the HRG unit at Village Dhan

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Azolla Technology Azolla Technology - Vivekananda Kendra - Natural Resources Development Project

Azolla backyard cultivation technology is a cost-effective sustainable technology that provides nutrients rich broad-spectrum feed for livestock, cattle and poultry. It also helps farmers to increase soil based nitrogen of their farms and suppress the weed. Vivekananda Kendra - nardep has been wo

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Line Sowing Marker for crop sowing in hills Line Sowing Marker for crop sowing in hills - Himalayan Environmental Studies And Conservation Organisation (HESCO)

The feasibility trials were taken in the different crops in different locations. It was found suitable and observed that it reduces about 50-60% cost of the weeding, 10% of harvesting as compared to traditional methods and found healthy crops, which ultimately

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Organic pestcides : Organic pestcides : - Society for Technology and Development (STD)

Trials were made on preparation & utilization of organic pesticides from Derak leaves, cow urine & Lassi on various vegetable crops. Most effective was found against Aphids & caterpillars of cabbage butterfly in cole crops.



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Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhyzal Fungi (AMF) in pot culture method Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhyzal Fungi (AMF) in pot culture method - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology
Pot production of AMF inoculums is less expensive and thus the farmers can effort the price of this biofertilizer for cultivation. Substrate was optimized for enhanced multiplication of native AMF through pot culture technology for the low cost production of AM fungi. Pot culture method are ecologic

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A model for integrated biogas production with vermicomposting A model for integrated biogas production with vermicomposting - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology
In this technology package kitchen waste and municipal waste (replacing cow dung) materials are utilized for the production of biogas in two levels. The slurry, produced in primary biogas plant is taken through a pipe / channel to secondary bio gas plants and then taken to the vermicompost unit whe

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In vitro production of planting material for cultivation of Elephant Foot Yam In vitro production of planting material for cultivation of Elephant Foot Yam - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology
Central buds as well as lateral buds from the corms of field grown cultivars of Gajendra and Bidhan Kusum are cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium in the presence of various combinations of growth supplements. Callus found after 2 weeks. Pink opaque compact callus are maintained in dark condi

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Use of Neem Seed Kernel Extract in Pest Management Use of Neem Seed Kernel Extract in Pest Management - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology
Ripe neem seeds are collected without contact with soil, de-pulped in water, dried in shade and kept in gunny bag in cool and dry place. The seed are decorticated, grinded and the kernel powder is soaked in water (@ 50 g/L) overnight. The extract is filtered and sprayed on crop before the manifestat

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Liquid Biofertilizer (Azotobacter) for Foliar Spray Liquid Biofertilizer (Azotobacter) for Foliar Spray - Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology
This innovative approach involves production of Azotobacter in fermenter using specific growth medium, harvesting in 1:1 dilution with ½ strength of the same medium and packaging. The culture is mixed with tap water @ 10 ml/L and sprayed on the leaves of the targeted crop at an interval of 10-20 day

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Hand made paper from alternate sources of fiber ( Biopulping and Biobleaching) Hand made paper from alternate sources of fiber ( Biopulping and Biobleaching) - Shri AMM Murugappa Chettiar Research Centre (MCRC)
Generally, the papers are made from wood pulp. This leads to deforestation. Secondly, pulping and bleaching of wood requires many chemical treatments and more energy and water. An alternate method of preparing paper from non woody plants such as Hibiscus cannabinus (Kenaf), Lemon grass, Palmaros

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Aquaponics Aquaponics - Vigyan Ashram
Aquaponics is, simply integration of hydroponics (cultivation of plants without soil) and aquaculture (fish farming). In aquaponics system water from aquaculture is used as irrigation water for crop production and extra water returns back to fish tank. When this water circulated near root zone, nitr

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Egg incubator Egg incubator - Vigyan Ashram
Initially the egg incubator machine developed by Vigyan Ashram was from scrap material with success rate of 12% only but over a period of 1 and half year the technology gets evolved, now the success rate latest machine at Vigyan Ashram is near about 92% for small is 100 egg machine and 85% for 500 e

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Plant Tissue Culture Plant Tissue Culture - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

Vegetatively propagated crop species like sugarcane, banana, ginger, turmeric etc. offer a huge potential market for tissue culture but products of tissue culture are very costly. Low cost tissue culture uses pressure cooker instead of autoclave, rain water instead of distilled water and jam jars

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Farming on permanent raised beds Farming on permanent raised beds - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

Raised beds are made of a mixture of sand and soil, laid on a plastic film. All the soil related limiting factors (wrong pH, soil compaction, salinity, nutrient deficiency, poor aeration, weeds, pathogens etc.) are eliminated. Using adequate water, high dose of fertilizers and micronutrients, we

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Bamboo for Outdoor Structure Bamboo for Outdoor Structure - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)

Biodegradation of bamboo is retarded by impregnating it with a mixture of potassium dichromate, copper sulphate and boric acid. Impregnated bamboo can be used for constructing scaffolding for vines, greenhouses, fences, and even water holding structures.



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Low Cost  Water Tank Low Cost Water Tank - Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)
A 120 cm tall palisade structure of bamboo poles, with the intervening spaces woven into a wickerwork of bamboo, and an inset made out of a plastic film, form the tank. It is filled with potable water during the rainy season, after which it is covered by an opaque black plastic film. If the bamboo p

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